The UK government has declared their intention to become a ‘global science and technology superpower’. As a result, there has been plenty of investment into research and development in recent years, and a number of exciting new projects in everything from education to military technology. Here is a quick overview of some of the technology that government departments are using, and some projects that have been carried out so far.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
The NHS and Department of Health recently invested £10 million in two IoT led projects. One of which, referred to asTechnology Integrated Health Management, involves a network of sensors, monitors, wearables and other devices. The technology is used to help those with dementia and other cognitive impairments to live safely and independently within their own homes. The IoT network monitors the user’s health and alerts health professionals to step in when required. A further project, theDiabetes Digital Coach, uses glucose monitoring devices to guide users through an e-learning process to better manage their condition.
These projects have tangible benefits for those taking part and could potentially reduce costs for healthcare services. However, they also advance IoT by providing an opportunity for a large scale study in an applied environment. The data collected will provide valuable insight into how IoT devices are used in the real-world and help further develop such platforms.
Blockchain is essentially a digital ledger that makes it near impossible to alter or hack records. It is already proving its worth in industry, particularly for banking, where it can help keep transaction records safe. However, it also has huge possibilities for government, given the implications for tackling fraud, error and inefficiency.
So far, theFood Standards Agencyhas trialled blockchain for livestock distribution, using the digital ledger to share information such as age and veterinary history. TheDepartment for Work and Pensionshave also tried blockchain to see whether a bespoke cryptocurrency, Govcoin, could make payments to benefit claimants easier and more secure.
The Ministry of Defence (MOD) and the Home Office have been funding research into autonomous robotics, with the goal of creating a machine that can investigate chemical and biological hazards.The Merlin Robotis the first prototype of this research, developed by industry partner, HORIBA-MIRA. In January 2021, the Merlin Robot successfully conducted chemical reconnaissance tasks over an area of 10,000 square metres. The robot uses artificial intelligence (AI) for object recognition and is equipped with autonomous search and mapping tools. It is a hugely exciting result, given the potentially life-saving capabilities of this technology.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning
Government has taken a special interest in AI, recently listing it as a critical element of driving economic growth and innovation in the UK. The government’sdata science unithas previously used AI to analyse results and attendance records to see whether a school is at risk of ‘failing’ and requires special attention. The recent launch of the ‘National AI centre’ aims to take AI in education further. Although new, the initiative has been inspired by projects such asBolton College’s digital assistant, Ada, which provides administrative support to students, freeing up staff to focus on teaching.
TheHM Courts and Tribunals Serviceis currently undergoing a £1 billion transformation to modernise their services. One important part of this is user design and research. During COVID-19, many aspects of the legal system were kept going with remote hearings. Now, a new digital platform is being rolled out to deal with approximately 1.5 million criminal cases a year.User experienceis a key aspect of this modernisation, ensuring that services are easy to navigate and that all aspects of virtual hearings are considered for those involved.
It is clear there is no shortage of ambitious government projects. This is great news for those across the technology industry, as successful projects can help stimulate demand for key digital skills. Finally, when government involvement is done well, it can increase public trust in emerging technologies, which is a good thing in all respects.